What is Educational Policy?

Educational policy dictates what children learn, when they learn it and when they are expected to fully master the material that they have learned. In some countries, educational policy also dictates how they learn outside of the classroom. Let’s take a closer look at all the components of a true educational policy.

What Are Children Supposed to Learn?

The most important part of an education policy is determining what the children are supposed to learn. In some cultures, it is important to learn math and science at an advanced level. In others, it is more important to learn about a country’s history and important religious traditions. Most American education policies place a premium on learning and understanding new technology as well as placing an emphasis on ensuring that all children learn at the same rate, according to Education Week.

When Are They Supposed to Learn It?

Having a educational policy means nothing if there are no criteria for when a child should know or understand a concept. For instance, it may be decided that a child must know how to read a 50 page book or be able to write in full sentences by the end of second grade. By the end of third grade, that same child may be expected to write full paragraphs or read that same 50 page book without any pictures or with smaller text.

How Will Children Be Taught?

There are many ways in which a child can be taught a concept in school. For instance, children may be given written tests that incorporate skills taught over the past week or month. Children may also be assigned projects that ask them to incorporate skills such as the use of a computer. They may also be asked to work in teams to learn how to collaborate with others and understand why it is so valuable to do so.

Educational Policy Should Take Into Account Outside Struggles

An educational policy should take into account whether or not a student has a learning disability or developmental disability that may hinder his or her ability to learn at the required pace. Those with ADD or who struggle with the written word may be given extra time to complete assignments or a scribe to write their test answers. Teachers may also consider other alternate arrangements such as oral tests for those who struggle with writing or written tests for those who struggle with public speaking.

Children Should Be Encouraged To Be Themselves

Education policymakers should enable a child to learn without being overburdened by the educational process. In other words, time should be spent allowing children to play and explore subjects for pleasure. When a child wants to learn, he or she will do better in school and will not simply memorize facts to do well on a test before forgetting them forever.

Related Resource: Educational Theory Careers

Educational policy is critical to the development of a child as well as the development of a nation. Therefore, it is important to make sure that the needs of the child are taken into account to ensure that they are allowed to learn and grow at their own pace. Doing so enables them to grow up and be productive and competitive adults in a global marketplace.